Children’s Health

The first comprehensive study to evaluate research on the mental health of children and young people using evidence that spanned before and during COVID-19 has found an impact on mental health that could result in an increased demand for support services. The research, led by the University of Exeter and the University of Cambridge, is
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A recent study in The FASEB Journal has identified metabolic perturbations in the liver and skeletal muscle of young nonhuman primates on normal diets whose mothers were obese during pregnancy. For the study, tissue biopsies were obtained from 19 post-pubertal offspring of mothers who were fed a Western diet and were obese during pregnancy, and
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Teens and young adults who are treated for sleep disorders with benzodiazepines such as Xanax – a medication commonly prescribed to treat anxiety and insomnia – may be at a higher risk of overdose, according to Rutgers researchers. The study, published in JAMA Network Open, examined how often young people with sleep disorders had a
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The Mary Hill Youth and Family Center’s building has long been at a crossroads overlooking this rural Appalachian city, but its purpose has evolved. For 65 years, residents of Nelsonville and the rolling hills of southeastern Ohio traveled to the hilltop hospital seeking care. Then, in 2014, the 15-bed hospital, which was often without patients,
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In a recent study posted to the medRxiv* preprint server, researchers investigated the impact of the severe acute respiratory syndrome of coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) exposure in utero on the neurodevelopment of children. Study: Sex-specific neurodevelopmental outcomes in offspring of mothers with SARS-CoV-2 in pregnancy: an electronic health records cohort. Image Credit: adike/Shutterstock Studies have reported
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Researchers now have a unique resource for identifying new biomarkers of environmental exposures in early life and understanding their health effects. This is thanks to a study led by the Barcelona Institute for Global Health (ISGlobal), an institution supported by “la Caixa” Foundation, which systematically documented all associations between a wide range of early life
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A new Computers in Human Behavior journal paper analyzes the longitudinal and cross-sectional impact of sexual and sexually objectifying music lyrics on text-based sexting behaviors among adolescents. Study: Associations between sexual music lyrics and sexting across adolescence. Image Credit: Tero Vesalainen / Shutterstock.com The hypersexual nature of music Related Stories Unsafe and unrealistic sexual messages are commonly displayed
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The embryonic and fetal periods of life are vulnerable to impact by harmful chemicals in the environment. These include microplastics (MPs), which have been found in many living organisms and tissues, stemming from the environmental degradation of waste plastics. Using placental tissue and meconium samples, a new study examines the links between exposure to MPs
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Several fungal species including members of the Histoplasma, Coccidioides, and Blastomyces genera are endemic to different areas throughout the United States. Historically, the geographic distribution of both Histoplasma and Coccidioides was attributed to positive antigen skin test results, whereas that of Blastomyces was based on case and outbreak reports. Over the past fifty years, an
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To study how best to treat potentially dangerous infections commonly seen in people with underlying chronic medical conditions, two infectious disease experts at Johns Hopkins Medicine have been awarded $10 million in research funding over five years by the Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI). PCORI is an independent, nonprofit organization authorized by Congress in 2010.
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In a recent Nutrition Reviews journal study, researchers from the University of Toronto performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of previous controlled trials to better understand the impact of honey on mitigating certain cardiometabolic risk factors. Related Stories Study: Effect of honey on cardiometabolic risk factors: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Image Credit: Subbotina Anna /
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An unusual type of antibody that even at miniscule levels neutralizes the Zika virus and renders the virus infection undetectable in preclinical models has been identified by a team led by Weill Cornell Medicine, NewYork-Presbyterian and National Institutes of Health (NIH) investigators. Because Zika can cause birth defects when passed from a pregnant person to
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Alcohol consumption during pregnancy poses significant peril to the healthy development of the unborn child. There is no known safe amount of alcohol during pregnancy. The consequences of prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) are reflected in the different diagnoses that emerge under the umbrella of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders. At one end of the spectrum, growth
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Don’t spank your kids. That’s the conventional wisdom that has emerged from decades of research linking corporal punishment to a decline in adolescent health and negative effects on behavior, including an increased risk for anxiety and depression. Now, a new study explores how corporal punishment might impact neural systems to produce those adverse effects. Corporal
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Among hospitalized young people in the United States, 66% of those with a gender dysphoria diagnosis were admitted for suicide attempts or self-harm in 2019, compared to 5% without gender dysphoria, according to a study published in The Lancet Child & Adolescent Health. The study looked at over 2 million instances of young people (6
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Previous research indicates that extensive time in early center-based day care is correlated with high levels of behavior problems in young children. However, the validity of this work has been controversial and its relevance outside of the United States has been called into question. New research used longitudinal databases from Germany, Netherlands, Norway, Canada, and
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After retrospectively analyzing the data of over 300,000 people, researchers in a recent Neurology journal paper report that a diagnosis of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) was associated with a greater risk of both seizures and epilepsy as compared to those diagnosed with influenza infection. Study: Incidence of Epilepsy and Seizures Over the First 6 Months After a
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In a recent study published in The Lancet Regional Health – Americas, journal researchers examined the impact of the financial stress associated with the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic on the mental health of adolescents in the United States (U.S.). Study: COVID-19-related financial strain and adolescent mental health. Image Credit: Astafjeva / Shutterstock Background Related Stories Apart
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In a recent study published in the Heart Rhythm journal, researchers at the University of California, San Francisco, assessed the relationship between different types of inhaled marijuana or tobacco product usage with ventricular and atrial arrhythmias. The impact of conventional tobacco smoking on coronary artery disorder is well understood. However, the effects of smoking on
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