Children’s Health

University of Calgary researchers have shown probiotic supplements can help form a healthy microbiome in the gut of the tiniest infants who are born without a fully formed gut microbiome. The study found that a specific mix (five species) of probiotic supplements accelerated the maturation of the microbiome into a term-like state and reduced intestinal
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One in five multi-drug resistant (MDR) tuberculosis (TB) cases in children under the age of 15 could be averted every year by household contact management, according to a new modeling study published in The Lancet Global Health. The research from the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine (LSHTM), University of Sheffield and Imperial College
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In a recent study published in the American Academy of Pediatrics journal, researchers investigated the safety of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccines in children in the US. Study: Safety of COVID-19 Vaccination in US Children Ages 5–11 Years. Image Credit: Halfpoint/Shutterstock Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) vaccines have played a critical role in
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In a recent study posted to the journal Nature, researchers showed that the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) Omicron infection without SARS-CoV-2 vaccination conferred poor cross-variant neutralizing capacities. Study: Limited cross-variant immunity from SARS-CoV-2 Omicron without vaccination. ​​​​​​​Image Credit: Naeblys / Shutterstock Background Numerous waves of infection have occurred since the start of the CoV
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In a recent review published in the journal Nature Medicine, researchers summarized known literature findings of the unexplained post-acute infection syndromes (PAISs). Review article: Unexplained post-acute infection syndromes. ​​​​​​​Image Credit: Donkeyworx / Shutterstock Overview and clinical presentation of PAISs Unfortunately, the chronic sequelae of acute infections often go undiagnosed due to the non-specific symptoms and lack
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A recent Pediatrics study assesses the causative relationship between the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection and croup or “barking cough” in children. Study: COVID-19–Associated Croup in Children. Image Credit: VGstockstudio / Shutterstock.com Coronaviruses and croup Throughout the entire duration of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, the causative SARS-CoV-2 has evolved. The effects of
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New findings from researchers at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSK) and published today in the journal Nature Communications report the results of using a comprehensive sequencing approach on 114 pediatric, adolescent, and young adult patients with solid tumors. The researchers found that their approach identified at least one additional cancer-associated oncogenic variant in 54%
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A doctoral thesis at Karolinska Institutet in Sweden has investigated whether Acceptance Commitment Therapy (ACT) can be used for individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder. The results show that the treatment can be carried out in both a school environment and in psychiatric outpatient care and can have an effect on, among other things, perceived stress.
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A new Pediatric Respiratory Reviews study conducted in Israel examines issues surrounding children between the ages of five and 11 who are eligible for vaccination against the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Herein, the researchers offer a detailed overview of factors that could influence the decision to take or abstain from vaccination. Study: Covid-19
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In a recent study published in the Journal of Pediatrics, researchers evaluated neurologic complications in pediatric cases of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Study: Neuro-inflammatory disease following SARS-CoV-2 infection in children. Image Credit: L Julia/Shutterstock Related Stories COVID-19, caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2), results in asymptomatic infection and respiratory failure in adults. Since
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Different types of brain damage caused by a concussion may lead to similar symptoms in children, according to research led by McGill University. A new way of studying concussions could help develop future treatments. While most children fully recover after a concussion, some will have lasting symptoms. The findings published in eLife help explain the
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NYU Long Island School of Medicine today celebrates its first graduating class of physicians, marking three years since the medical school opened its doors, launching the nation’s first accelerated MD program devoted exclusively to training primary care physicians. According to the Association of American Medical Colleges, the United States is expected to be short of
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Hospitalized children covered by Medicaid who reside in the poorest neighborhoods are at increased risk of being admitted to the hospital’s Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU) and of dying while there, according to research published at the ATS 2022 international conference. The researchers also found higher mortality rates among Black children treated in PICUs. “We
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Thought LeadersAnand Patel and Michael Dyer Pediatric Oncologist and Developmental BiologistSt. Jude Children’s Hospital In this interview, News-Medical speaks to Anand Patel and Michael Dyer from St. Jude’s Children’s Research Hospital about their recent research suggesting EGFR inhibitors may prevent rhabdomyosarcoma recurrence. Please can you introduce yourself, tell us about your scientific background, and what inspired your latest research? Anand Patel: I
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Maternal obesity impairs heart health and function of the fetus according to a new study in mice. The study, published in The Journal of Physiology found that maternal obesity causes molecular changes in the heart of the fetus and alters expression of genes related to nutrient metabolism, which greatly increases offspring’s risk of cardiac problems
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